vendredi 25 octobre 2013

Une leçon de sagesse par la chiromancie chinoise

Le responsable de la Jérusalem des Terres Froides apprécie beaucoup la transcription et la présentation ici de textes courts qui lui semblent pertinents. Ce travail lui permet d'intérioriser davantage ce qui lui est significatif, au-delà d'une simple lecture et réflexion. Jusqu'à présent, il y a eut quelques textes provenant entre autre de Bertrand Méheust, Frater U.: D.:, Nicolas Tereshchenko, Arthur C. Clarke et Denis Labouré.

Ici nous avons une petite surprise inattendue. Parmi ses trouvailles dans les écoulements de livres, votre serviteur a trouvé un magnifique exemplaire couverture rigide avec chemise et plastique protecteur d'un ouvrage sur la chiromancie chinoise, Chinese Hand Analysis de Shifu Terence Dukes, paru en 1987 chez Samuel Weiser. Au prix énorme d'un seul dollar, ce livre fait maintenant parti du fond documentaire de la JTF. Pour ce genre de littérature, il s'agit d'un ouvrage très bien, avec de nombreuses références au bouddhisme chinois et à l'ésotérisme oriental, suivant la méthode dite Wu Hsing. Mais surtout, il y a un petit passage qui clôt le premier chapitre dont la portée dépasse largement les histoires de lignes de la main. C'est pratiquement une petite leçon de vie applicable en tout et elle ne pouvait pas ne pas être rapportée ici. Ce qui suit sont les pages 6 et 7 du livre, avec le titre de ce sous-chapitre.

---Heurism and ontological processes---

The word heurism stems from the same root as Archimedes' eureka (I have found in !). It describes a particular attitude towards study. Heuristic study is self-programmed and assessed. It is a program of advancement in which tests or examinations are seen only as guides to self-evaluation. A student should understand what he or she knows. Apart from actually living full time with the teacher, it is impossible for another person to completely assess the students's talents. Heuristic study stresses self-responsability and encourages independence, for both qualities are vital to the potential teacher or student. By encouraging prior consideration of one's course of study, heurism helps develop the calm clear-mindedness attained by the masters.

Heurism also gets rid of the emotional or psychological dependance which so easily develops in those willing to immerse themselves totally within a structured, rigid system of education. The motive of heurism is similar in nature to that of meditation : it is intended to develop independent, self-experienced insight into one's real nature. Heuristic studies are not opposed to the rigid educational systems. They take most effect within these, for by re-orientating a student's attitude towards self-evaluation, they grant him or her freedom, along with responsability, from the system itself - and release the student from useless social demands and evalutions.

Heurism is not an excuse for slackness nor is it a means of evading achievements when followed properly, although weak-willed students can sabotage its good effects as effectively as they can other systems. The onus is primarily on the student's motivation. Heurism is a very ancient and very modern concept. Ancient races based their knowledge on direct experience; the best modern scientists also do this. A course designed to encourage students to follow the guidelines suggested by a tutor continually develops the participants' awareness of the object of study and the subject experiencing such awareness.

The ancient Oriental Buddhists distinguished very carefully between apparent and ultimate reality, and showed most clearly that much of our understanding arose from taking the apparent for the real. That which is ultimately real is beyond predication, existing only as a concept to those who have not attained its experience. When we set about approaching this experience, the catalyst that enables us to realize it is, in fact, our own mind. In order to progress we must come to know this mind very well, not just its obvious or unthought of aspects, but also its very essence. Ontology - the study of the nature of being - is thus inseparable from individual progress. It is assumed throughout the initial phases of research that we actually understand what we experience ; such an assumption is foolish, to say the least. Experience can often be "experienceless" in nature if we do not understand who or what experiences it.

The Buddhist monk Sangharakshita has a masterful taxonomy for non-experience. He describes two manifestations of this as alienated awareness and integrated awareness. Alienated awareness is awareness without genuine experience of awareness. Integrated awareness involves this experience of awareness. True heurism leads to autonomous and integrated awareness of the subject matter in hand. Pseudo-heurism leads nowhere.

All too often a field of study can be incompletely understood. Such partial mastery can be at best self-deceptive and at worst dangerous. The yoga student who identifies consciousness with the body is already divorced from yoga. The martial arts practitioner who mistakenly believes techniques are effective realizes they are not when he is about to be killed by an assailant, and his students will probably fare the same. The cheirologist who gives clients mistaken, ill-timed or incomplete guidance has already increased suffering. Incomplete self-understanding continually modifies or inhibits its possessor and misleads its recipients. At every level we should never rest content with the praise or approval of others. Nor should we praise ourselves. Heuristic attitude, by invalidating the environment, causation, and the effect of self-deception, serves as a cautionary method of attaining real experience and understanding of others. Only from such beginnings can we begin genuine study.

Shifu Terence Dukes

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