vendredi 27 juin 2014

Trois ressources pour une meilleure connaissance d'Aleister Crowley

Une nouvelle entrée à la Jérusalem des Terres Froides avec un sujet qui s'enchaîne bien avec le dernier paru, qui traitait des délires magiques (« sabbataïstes ») du soralisme. Aujourd'hui l' « équipe éditoriale » de la JTF vous présente trois ressources pour comprendre intelligemment qui fut Aleister Crowley, deux « myths-busters » en anglais et une capsule-vidéo de 60 minutes en français. La vidéo est une entrevue avec Philippe Pissier, que votre serviteur avait présenté comme « l'un des deux meilleurs spécialistes de Crowley en langue française » dans son article Aleister Crowley en Russie, Christian Bouchet et Aleksander Douguin. Alors que Pissier a passé 25 ans à traduire Crowley, Christian Bouchet a eu le culot de venir dire ici-même à la JTF que Pissier n'était pas un spécialiste, sous prétexte qu'il n'aurait fait aucun travail historique universitaire. Sauf que vous constaterez par vous-même que non-seulement Pissier est un très grand connaisseur de l'oeuvre de Crowley, mais qu'il dépasse de beaucoup le finalement très surfait Bouchet, malgré les prétentions académiques du frontiste.

---Five False Rumors About Aleister Crowley---

Par Brandy Williams
Paru sur
Le 23 juin 2014

Aleister Crowley was an English gentleman of the Edwardian era, a magician, and the prophet of a new religion. Some revere him, some admire him, some excuse his every flaw; others revile him; a few, not content to work with the facts of his life, slander him. There are legitimate critiques that can be leveled against his actions and work – these are not among them!

1. He engage in human sacrifice.

Aleister Crowley never sacrificed a human being! He did however love to shock and trick unwary readers. In The Magick of Thelema, Lon Milo DuQuette analyses the essay “On The Bloody Sacrifice” in which Crowley described a sex magick working by swapping out the terms ecstasy, ejaculation and semen for the words blood, kill and death. Granted that hiding magical techniques with “twilight language” is a time-honored technique, this unfunny joke continues to provide detractors with amunition. DuQuette says tartly, “Thank you very much Mr. Crowley!” 

2. He wrote the Garnerian Book of Shadows.

The relationship between Gerald Gardner and Crowley is worth exploring in depth. Many scholars have analyzed versions of the Gardnerian Book of Shadows and have sourced passages from Crowley’s published work. That’s a long way from writing the entire book, however, and both Crowley’s biographer Dr. Richard Kaczynski and Gardner’s biographer Phillip Heselton have concluded that this is a rumor, not a fact. 

3. He spied for the Nazis.

A persistent assertion calls Crowley a traitor to his country and a Nazi sympathizer. In Aleister Crowley: the Biography: Spiritual Revolutionary, Romantic Explorer, Occult Master – and Spy, biographer Tobias Churton extensively documents Crowley’s activities during the Great War. Crowley masqueraded as a German propagandist in the service of the Allies and took personal risks in the service of his country. When he died, the contents of his pockets were found to include a letter from the Director of Naval Intelligence requesting an interview, clearly a prized possession. 

4. He was a Satanist.

Anyone involved in the esoteric communities has faced a version of this claim. DuQuette notes that Crowley rejected Judeo-Christian-Muslim values, and quotes Crowley as saying “The devil does not exist.” Nuit, Hadit, and Ra-Hoor-Khuit are the entities identified in the Book of the Law. Crowley included the male-female-goat deity Baphomet in the Gnostic Creed: “I believe in the serpent and the lion, mystery of mystery, in his name, Baphomet.” Baphomet may be frightening and abhorrent to some religions, but he is not Satan. 

5. He died alone, mad and pennyless.

In his last days Aleister Crowley took rooms in a Victorian guest house in Hastings named Netherwood. Many people came to visit him there, and, like any elderly man in failing health, he enjoyed their visits very much. Kaczynski relates that when the artist Lady Frieda Harris visited him he refused to use his own funds on medical care, holding them for the O.T.O.’s use in publishing his works, so she hired a nurse for him herself. His lover Deirdre Patricia Maureen Doherty, “Pat”, was with him when he died. It was rather a gentle end for a larger-than-life personality.

Crowley exhibited the worst traits of an Edwardian gentleman, but also the best traits. He was sexually adventurous, he took drugs, he was willing to do anything for the sake of the magickal art, and he was hard on his lovers and friends. He comes under fire for these and other traits. In addition, he was athletic, loyal to his country, brilliant, and faithful to the religion of Thelema and the Order to which he left his writings. His behavior is minutely chronicled by his biographers; whatever we think of him, we should at least get the facts of his life straight.

Brandy Williams

---Ten Crowley Myths Busted by AC2012---

There are too many myths about Aleister Crowley to list them all or attempt to prove them false. We have, however, occasionally addressed some of the more persistent and troubling false rumors spread about Aleister Crowley. Here are ten such myths, including links to the stories where we have busted them. 

10. Myth: Aleister Crowley was a black magician. 

Few things could be further from the truth, and Aleister Crowley directly contradicts this myth.  

“I have been accused of being a ‘black magician.’ No more foolish statement was ever made about me. I despise the thing to such an extent that I can hardly believe in the existence of people so debased and idiotic as to practice it.” 

(Originally mentioned in our Guide to the Aleister Crowley 2012 Campaign Ad.) 

9. Myth: Aleister Crowley advocated pedophilia. 

Aleister Crowley was one of the strongest advocates for children’s rights of his time. He was against all forms of child abuse, and has said that if he were in political power, he’d have parents who bully their children arrested. Moreover, he was unequivocal that abuse of anyone’s rights is contrary to his religious philosophy of Thelema. 

“… acts invasive of another individual’s equal rights are implicitly self-aggressions. … Such acts as rape, and the assault or seduction of infants, may therefore be justly regarded as offences against the Law of Liberty, and repressed in the interests of that Law.” 

(Originally posted in our post, Pedophiles in Wales.) 

8. Myth: Aleister Crowley died alone in poverty. 

When Aleister Crowley died, he had regular visitors in his beautiful home on top of a hill, overlooking the chalk cliffs where he learned to climb as a young man. He lived in this home, called Netherwood, with a number of other intellectuals. He kept a strong-box full of cash under his bed — property of his Thelemic organization, Ordo Templi Orientis. That he never took any of this money, though he could have easily done so, attests to his lack of material need at the end of his life. 

…the beast [Aleister Crowley] remained in good spirits, enjoying the comings and goings of Aleister Ataturk and the other children, who adored him in turn. Crowley did, however, remain in bed. The day before he died, he talked calmly and at length with MacAlpine. The following day was a still one but at the moment of Crowley’s death, which came quietly, the curtains in his room were caught in a gust of wind and a peal of thunder was heard. ‘It was the gods greeting him’ said MacAlpine.” 

(Originally mentioned in our post, Drugs and the Deathbed.) 

7. Myth: Aleister Crowley advocated rape. 

Of course not. Aleister Crowley upheld the rights of the individual. These rights do not extend to violating the rights of others. See the quote and link in #9 above, and here’s another one: 

“To use legal or financial constraint to compel either abstention or submission, is entirely horrible, unnatural and absurd.” 

(Originally quoted in our post, Pedophiles in Wales.) 

6. Myth: Aleister Crowley was a drug addict and a failure.
Aleister Crowley’s novel, “Diary of a Drug Fiend” is a celebration of sacramental drug use and of overcoming addiction. 

Aleister Crowley was prescribed heroin for his asthma, a common medical practice at the time, and he became addicted like anyone would. He later used heroin recreationally and sacramentally, as he did with many drugs including cocaine, hashish, ether, peyote, and pretty much anything that he could get his hands on to try. He was after all a scientist, trained as a chemist even, a mystic, and a psychonaut.What do you expect? 

Crowley’s writing production never decreased as he got older, and in fact some of his best works (like The Book of Thoth and Magick Without Tears) were accomplished at the end of his life.

(We addressed this issue in our post, Drugs and the Deathbed.)  

5. Myth: Aleister Crowley worked for the Nazis.  

V for Victory with Mark of the BeastAleister Crowley demonstrated that he was the first to publish a “V Sign,” and he claimed to have invented Churchill’s use of the gesture in WWII as a magical foil to the Nazis’ use of the swastika

Learn more in our two posts concerning this subject, V for Victory and The Answer to 1984 is 666.  

4. Myth: Aleister Crowley sacrificed male children.  

In his book, Magick, Aleister Crowley referred to masturbation jokingly and dysphemistically as child sacrifice. See our post, Guide to the Aleister Crowley 2012 Campaign Ad, for more details.

According to Crowley’s diaries, he performed this “sacrifice” about 150 times per year from 1912-1928. That is a moderate amount of masturbation, but it would be an impossible number of murders which would make Aleister Crowley dozens of times more murderous than the infamous Countess Elizabeth Báthory. 

3. Myth: Aleister Crowley was the wickedest man in the world.

The tabloid article which gave Crowley this title also accused him of passing out drugs which made a person “…capable of participating in practices which no normal person could conceive of, much less describe.” Wait, what??

Read all about this in our post, Guide to the AC2012 Campaign Ad. 

2. Myth: Aleister Crowley was the father of Barbara Bush.  

Snopes has yet to deal with this issue; in the meantime, please pass along this link: Crowley/Bush April Fool’s joke! 

1. Myth: There’s nothing magical about a shark eating a sea-lion.  

A Shark Eating a Sea LionAs it turns out, there actually is something magical about a shark eating a sea-lion. 

“Magick is the Science and Art of causing Change to occur in conformity with Will. … Every intentional act is a Magickal act.” 

Find out more about the shark and the sea lion in our post, Guide to the AC2012 Campaign Ad.


---Magick, Aleister Crowley, Thelema---

Entrevue de Philippe Pissier (traducteur français de Crowley) par son éditeur Stephan Hoebeek.
Le 12 juillet 2013

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